Bike SMART:
  • STAY in Control – Both hands on handlebars unless signaling. Understand that other cyclists may be riding illegally. Only 1 person per seat.
  • MIND the Rules – Ride in the same direction as traffic. Follow traffic laws, obey signs and signals, use front and back lights. Do not wear a headset. Use a cell phone for emergency calls only and only when stopped.
  • ANTICIPATE Conflicts – Know your route; prepare for road hazards and driver error. Be alert and aware of your surroundings. Be prepared for inclement weather.
  • RIDE Predictable – Be conspicuous and visible. Make eye contact with drivers; use hand signals to indicate intent.
  • TAKE Care of Yourself – Helmet, gloves, glasses, sunscreen, cash, identification, wear reflective clothing at all times, hydrate, and fuel up.
Other Important Tips
  • Make sure your bicycle is proper working order: Before using your bicycle, ensure that all parts are secure and working well. The handlebars should be firmly in place and turn easily. Your wheels must be straight and secure and the brakes must be in proper operating condition. If you need to carry things, add a carrier to the back of your bicycle.
  • Always conduct an ABC Quick Check before riding. A: Check the in your tires. B: Make sure your brakes are in working order. C: make sure the chain is free of debris and spins smoothly
  • Always ride under control. If your bicycle has hand brakes, apply the rear brake before the front brake. Applying the front brake first can literally flip you over your handle bars. Always keep your brakes properly adjusted. If you cannot stop quickly, adjust your brakes. When adjusting brakes, keep the following in mind: * When your hand brake levers are fully applied, they should not touch the handlebars. * Each brake pad should wear evenly and never be separated more than one eighth inch from the rim. * Ride slowly in wet weather and apply your brakes earlier – it takes more distance to stop. Motorists will have a harder time seeing you in the rain, so ride with extra care in inclement weather.
  • If you must ride in the dark Wear reflective clothing or accents, especially on your ankles, wrists, back, and helmet. Ride with reflectors that meet CPSC requirements. If a carrier is added, make sure the rear reflector remains visible. Add the brightest lights you can find to the front and rear of your bicycle. Only ride in areas familiar to you. Brightly lit streets are best. Always assume you are not seen by a driver.
  • Stay alert. Always keep a lookout for obstacles in your path. Watch out for potholes, cracks, expansion joints, gravel, wet leaves, drainage grates, or anything that could make you fall. Before going around any object, scan ahead and behind to make sure it’s safe to proceed. Always signal your intentions, and then do what you planned. If you are unsure, or lack the skill to handle an especially rough area, pull off to the right side of the road and walk your bicycle around the rough area. Be especially careful in wet weather. Cross all railroad tracks at a 90-degree angle and proceed slowly. Ride on the right side of the road in a straight, predictable path. Always ride single file in the same direction as other vehicles. Riding against traffic makes it difficult for motorists to see you, which makes it easier for them to accidentally pull across your path or into you. More than 70% of bicycle crashes occur at driveways or intersections. Before you enter any street or intersection look both ways for traffic. Bicycle riders must yield to pedestrians. Never wear headphones while riding as they impair your ability to hear traffic.
Click here to host a one-hour bicycle safety class for your group!
Always remember to WALKWISE
  • W - Wear bright colors and reflective clothing night and day to increase your visibility. Be safe and be seen.
  • A - Always be alert. Never text or talk on the phone while walking.
  • L - Look left, right and left again. Make eye contact with drivers, especially ones making right hand turns
  • K - Know your surroundings. Use extra caution when crossing multiple lane, high speed streets.
  • W - Watch for cars in parking lots
  • I - Impaired walking can be dangerous. The pedestrian had been drinking in about 35% of crashes
  • S - Stay on sidewalks when they are available
  • E - Expect the unexpected. Walk defensively. You never know when a car will fail to yield
Always remember to walk facing traffic to be able to see the cars, use crosswalks whenever possible, and only cross when you have the walk signal. Push the button at a traffic signal to ensure it is activated at the next cycle. Click here to host a thirty minute pedestrian safety class for your group!
TRAFFIC LAW HIGHLIGHTS (see Section 316.2065 of the Florida Statutes)
  • A bicyclist must ride on the right side of the road
  • A bicyclist must obey all traffic controls and signals.
  • A bicyclist must use a fixed, regular seat for riding.
  • No bicycle may be used to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed or equipped.
  • A bicycle operated between sunset and sunrise must be equipped with a lamp on the front exhibiting a white light visible from 500 feet to the front and both a red reflector and a lamp on the rear exhibiting a red light visible from 600 feet to the rear. Additional lighting is permitted and recommended.
  • A bicyclist may not wear a headset, headphone, or other listening device other than a hearing aid when riding. Wearing a headset blocks out important audio clues needed to detect the presence of other traffic.
  • Every bicycle must be equipped with a brake or brakes which allow the rider to stop within 25 feet from a speed of 10 miles per hour on dry, level, clean pavement.
  • Parents and guardians must not knowingly allow a child or minor ward to violate any bicycle laws.
Roadway Position
  • A bicyclist who is not traveling at the same speed of other traffic must ride in a designated bike lane or as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway.
  • A bicyclist may leave the right-most portion of the road in the following situations:
  • When passing another vehicle moving in the same direction
  • When preparing for a left turn (see below for more on left turns)
  • When reasonably necessary to avoid any condition or potential conflict including, but not limited to, a fixed or moving object, parked or moving vehicle, pedestrian , animal, surface hazard, or turn lane; when a lane is too narrow for a bicycle and another vehicle to travel safely side by side.
  • A bicyclist operating on a one-way street with two or more traffic lanes may ride as close to the left-hand edge of the roadway as practicable.
  • Persons riding bicycles upon a roadway shall not ride more than two abreast except on paths or parts of roadways set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles.
  • Persons riding two abreast shall not impede traffic when traveling at less than the normal speed of traffic at the time and place and under the conditions existing, and shall ride within a single lane.
Left Turns (see Section 316.151 (1)(b)(c), F.S.)
  • A bicyclist intending to make a vehicle left turn is entitled to full use of the lane from which the turn is made. After scanning, signaling, and moving to the center of that lane, the bicyclist must check the signal, then proceed when it is green and safe to do so.
  • In addition to the normal vehicle left turn, a bicyclist may proceed through the right-most portion of the intersection and turn as close to the curb or edge as possible at the far side. After complying with any official traffic control device, the bicyclist may proceed in the new direction.
Signaling Turns (see Sub-section 316.155(2) and 316.157(2), F.S.)
  • A signal of intention to turn must be given during the last 100 feet traveled by the vehicle before turning. If a bicyclist needs both hands for control, the signal need not be given continuously.
  • A bicyclist may signal intent to turn right either by extending the left hand and arm upward or by extending the right hand and arm horizontally to the right side of the bicycle.
Sidewalk Riding
  • When riding on sidewalks or in crosswalks, a bicyclist has the same rights and duties as a pedestrian.
  • A bicyclist riding on sidewalks or in crosswalks must yield the right-of-way to pedestrians and must give an audible signal before passing.
Civil Penalties (see Sub-section 318.18(1),(2),&(3), F.S.)
  • Non-moving violations, such as failure to use required lighting equipment when riding at night, failure to have working brakes.
  • Moving violations, such as running stop sign or signal, riding against traffic.
  • Violations of Chapter 316, F.S. by a bicyclist 14 years of age or younger
  • Local Ordinances The local governments of counties, cities, towns, and other municipalities can adopt ordinances regulating bicycle riding. Some towns may also have registration and licensing ordinances. Sidewalk riding may be prohibited entirely or only in certain areas such as business districts. Local law enforcement agencies can provide copies of local ordinances.
(See Section 316.130 of the Florida Statutes)
  • A pedestrian shall obey the instructions of any official traffic control device specifically applicable to the pedestrian unless otherwise directed by a police officer.
  • Where sidewalks are provided, no pedestrian shall, unless required by other circumstances, walk along and upon the portion of a roadway paved for vehicular traffic.
  • Where sidewalks are not provided, any pedestrian walking along and upon a roadway shall, when practicable, walk only on the shoulder on the left side of the roadway in relation to the pedestrian’s direction of travel, facing traffic which may approach from the opposite direction.
  • No person shall stand in the portion of a roadway paved for vehicular traffic for the purpose of soliciting a ride, employment, or business from the occupant of any vehicle.
  • No person shall stand on or in proximity to a street or highway for the purpose of soliciting the watching or guarding of any vehicle while parked or about to be parked on a street or highway.
  • Any pedestrian crossing a roadway at a point where a pedestrian tunnel or overhead pedestrian crossing has been provided shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway.
  • No pedestrian shall suddenly leave a curb or other place of safety and walk or run into the path of a vehicle which is so close that it is impossible for the driver to yield.
  • Every pedestrian crossing a roadway at any point other than within a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway.
  • Between adjacent intersections at which traffic control signals are in operation, pedestrians shall not cross at any place except in a marked crosswalk.
  • No pedestrian shall, except in a marked crosswalk, cross a roadway at any other place than by a route at right angles to the curb or by the shortest route to the opposite curb.
  • Pedestrians shall move, whenever practicable, upon the right half of crosswalks.
  • No pedestrian shall cross a roadway intersection diagonally unless authorized by official traffic control devices, and, when authorized to cross diagonally, pedestrians shall cross only in accordance with the official traffic control devices pertaining to such crossing movements.
  • No pedestrian shall enter or remain upon any bridge or approach thereto beyond the bridge signal, gate, or barrier after a bridge operation signal indication has been given. No pedestrian shall pass through, around, over, or under any crossing gate or barrier at a railroad grade crossing or bridge while such gate or barrier is closed or is being opened or closed.
  • No pedestrian may jump or dive from a publicly owned bridge. Nothing in this provision requires the state or any political subdivision of the state to post signs notifying the public of this provision. The failure to post a sign may not be construed by any court to create liability on the part of the state or any of its political subdivisions for injuries sustained as a result of jumping or diving from a bridge in violation of this subsection.
  • No pedestrian shall walk upon a limited access facility or a ramp connecting a limited access facility to any other street or highway; however, this subsection does not apply to maintenance personnel of any governmental subdivision.
  • The driver of a vehicle at an intersection that has a traffic control signal in place shall stop before entering the crosswalk and remain stopped to allow a pedestrian, with a permitted signal, to cross a roadway when the pedestrian is in the crosswalk or steps into the crosswalk and is upon the half of the roadway upon which the vehicle is traveling or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger.
  • The driver of a vehicle at any crosswalk where signage so indicates shall stop and remain stopped to allow a pedestrian to cross a roadway when the pedestrian is in the crosswalk or steps into the crosswalk and is upon the half of the roadway upon which the vehicle is traveling or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger.
  • When traffic control signals are not in place or in operation and there is no signage indicating otherwise, the driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way, slowing down or stopping if need be to so yield, to a pedestrian crossing the roadway within a crosswalk when the pedestrian is upon the half of the roadway upon which the vehicle is traveling or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger.
  • Whenever any vehicle is stopped at a marked crosswalk or at any unmarked crosswalk at an intersection to permit a pedestrian to cross the roadway, the driver of any other vehicle approaching from the rear shall not overtake and pass such stopped vehicle.
  • The driver of a vehicle overtaking a bicycle or other nonmotorized vehicle must pass the bicycle or other nonmotorized vehicle at a safe distance of not less than 3 feet between the vehicle and the bicycle or other nonmotorized vehicle.
  • Notwithstanding other provisions of this chapter, every driver of a vehicle shall exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian or any person propelling a human-powered vehicle and give warning when necessary and exercise proper precaution upon observing any child or any obviously confused or incapacitated person.